Prophylaxis (Teeth Cleaning)

Prophylaxis is an excellent procedure to help keep the oral cavity in good health and also halt the progression of gum disease.

The benefits of prophylaxis :

Tartar removal - Tartar (calculus) and plaque buildup can cause serious periodontal problems if left untreated. Even using the best brushing and flossing homecare techniques, it can be impossible to remove debris, bacteria and deposits from gum pockets. The experienced eye of a dentist using specialized dental equipment is needed in order to spot and treat problems such as tartar and plaque buildup.

Cosmetic - By cleaning and polishing, the teeth become brighter which return the smile to its former glory. For heavy stained teeth, Air-flowing systemcan be used to get rid of the stain completely from your teeth.

Fresher breath - Periodontal disease is often signified by persistent bad breath (halitosis). Bad breath is generally caused by a combination of rotting food particles below the gum line, possible gangrene stemming from gum infection, and periodontal problems. The removal of plaque, calculus and bacteria noticeably improves breath and alleviates irritation.

Identification of health issues - Since prophylaxis involves a thorough examination of the entire oral cavity, the dentist is able to screen for oral cancer, evaluate the risk of periodontitis and often spot signs of medical problems like diabetes and kidney problems.

Tooth-Color Filling

Tooth-color filling is a composite filling which also called the white filling. Tooth-color filling gives the esthetic outcome for the restorations and provides good durability and resistance to fracture in small-to-mid size restorations that need to withstand moderate chewing pressure. Less tooth structure is removed when the dentist prepares the tooth, and this may result in a smaller filling than that of an amalgam. Composites can also be "bonded" or adhesively held in a cavity, often allowing the dentist to make a more conservative repair to the tooth.

Teeth Whitening

Whitening or bleaching methods include in-office bleaching, which is applied by a professional dentist and home bleaching, which is used at home by the patient.

For in-office bleaching, we use LED accelerated bleaching systemwith a professional dental-grade hydrogen peroxide whitening gel (38% hydrogen peroxide), and exposure to the light source for 15 minutes x 2 cycles. Recent technical advances have minimized heat and ultraviolet emissions, allowing for a shorter patient preparation procedure. Most power teeth whitening treatments can be done in approximately 30 minutes to one hour, in a single visit to a dental physician

For home bleaching, bleaching gel will be delivered in a syringe then patient apply it in the special tray for whiten their teeth. The bleaching gel is usually carbamide peroxide, and has variable concentration levels. The higher concentration and thicker materials produce a whitening effect more quickly than lower concentration and less viscous materials. However, higher concentrations are able to cause more sensitivity, and are tolerated for less periods of time.Patient needs to return to dentist for review 10 days to two weeks for following the treatment. This technique is cheaper than in-office bleaching, but patient need responsibility of wearing the trays and completing the treatment themselves; and many people like instant results and will want the treatment to take hours rather than weeks.

Endodontics (Root Canal Treatment)

When the tooth has severe damage or infection. A sequence of treatment for the infected pulp of a tooth consists of the elimination of infection and the protection of the decontaminated tooth from future microbial invasion.

Root canal treatment procedures are subsequent creation of an access cavity with a dental handpiece, cleaning & shaping the root canals with an endodontic file, medication and restoration with gutta-percha filling and a crown.

Dental Implant

A dental implant is an artificial tooth root replacement and is used in prosthetic dentistry to support restorations that resemble a natural tooth or group of teeth. Dental implants can be used in a variety of ways. In some instances they offer better solutions than conventional dental restorations. Implants are the only solution if removable or complete dentures are to be avoided.Our certified specialist has performed the dental implant treatment for more than 15 years. We always use high quality implant systems e.g. Straumann, Astra Tech, NobelBiocare and MegaGen.

Implant systems

Dental Veneer

A Veneer is a thin layer of restorative material placed over a tooth surface, either to improve the aesthetics of a tooth, or to protect a damaged tooth surface. Veneer can corrects discolored teeth and minimal teeth alignment problem.

There are two types of material used in a veneer, composite and porcelain . First, a composite veneer may be directly placed (built-up in the mouth), or indirectly fabricated by a dental technician in a dental laboratory, and later bonded to the tooth. The advantage of the direct composite veneer (built-up in the mouth) is the one visit treatment and also the cost is cheaper than the other, while the indirect veneer (laboratory fabricated) provided better sealing at the margin of veneer that could reduce the chance of decayed tooth. However, indirect veneer cost is higher than direct veneer. Second, a porcelain veneer may only be indirectly fabricated. Porcelain provides a better sealing at the margin and shows the excellent appearance compared with composite veneer. However, porcelain need at least two dental appointments that take about 1week.

Sample case 1.
Sample case 2.

Crown and Bridge

Crown refers to the restoration of teeth using materials that are fabricated by indirect methods which are cemented into place. A crown is used to cap or completely cover a tooth.

The teeth to be crowned are prepared by a dentist and the records are given to a dental technician to fabricate the crown or bridge, which can then be inserted at another dental appointment.

Bridge, also known as a fixed partial denture, is a dental restoration used to replace a missing tooth by joining permanently to adjacent teeth or dental implants.A dental bridge is fabricated by reducing the teeth on either side of the missing tooth or teeth by a preparation pattern determined by the location of the teeth and by the material from which the bridge is fabricated.

Metal-containing restorations

Full gold crown

Although referred to as a gold crown, this type of crown is actually composed of many different types of elements, including but not limited to gold, platinum, palladium, silver, copper and tin. The first three elements listed are noble metals, while the last three listed are base metals. Full gold crowns are of better quality when they are high in noble content. According to the American Dental Association, full gold crown alloys can only be labeled as high noble when they contain at least 75% noble metal.

Porcelain-fused-to-metal crown

Porcelain-fused-to-metal dental crowns and bridges can be color matched to your adjacent teeth. However, sometimes the metal underlying the crown's porcelain can show through as a dark line, especially at the gum line and even more so if your gums recede. These crowns can be a good choice for front or back teeth.

Metal-free restorations

Glass based ceramics or all-porcelain dental crowns provide the best natural color match than any other type and may be more suitable for people with metal allergies. However, they are not as strong as porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns and bridges, so they are recommended for front teeth.

Zirconium based ceramics

A unique system for the fabrication of esthetic and functional dental restorations. Zirconium base ceramic crowns and bridges can be recommended for prosthetic reconstructions anywhere in the mouth, due to the strength of the core material. It is made of a bio-compatible material, which minimizes the risk of allergic reactions. The translucent coping offers remarkable esthetic characteristics, recreating the beauty of natural teeth.

The process for obtaining a crown or bridge

The process of fitting crowns and bridges requires two-three visits to the dentist and an approximate 7-10 days stay or visiting twice for 1 or 2 days.

First visit:
  • X-rays are taken to assess the health of teeth wich require crowns
  • The tooth receiving the crown is filed down, the bridge supporting teeth are being recontoured by removing a portion of enamel to allow room for a crown to be placed over them
  • A shade guide may be used to select the correct colour of porcelain
  • Impressions are taken.
  • A temporary bridge or crown may be cemented to protect the prepared teeth between visits.
Second visit:
  • The temporary bridge or crown is removed.
  • The permanent crown or bridge is checked for colour and fit.
  • If you and your dentist are happy with your crown or bridge, it is permanently fixed in place with cement.